Thursday, 5 January 2017

Perception of Art in the Museums

In a contemporary world, museums display state collection in an innovative way to allow the visitors to connect and explore with the present, past and future. Museums are combining new technology and techniques to create world-class museums to inspire people and remain relevant for many generations to come. The museums reflect religion, creativity, history and diversity of a state. Since the advent of social history, museums have put emphasis on collecting objects that people relate to in their daily lives. This improvement has an academic underpinning as well as enabling museums to show their relevance to people who were previously underrepresented. The National Museum of American History is full of art work and a testimony to American’s love for art. Ceramic collections hold many of examples of European and American art glass and pottery. The museum has many homemade religious ornaments, figures and paintings donated by ethnic and cultural communities.
The tools of artisans and artists are also part of the collection, in the form of woodblock tools, photographic equipment, printing plates, wheels and potter’s stamps. “America on Stone” by Harry Peter from 1800s comprises of 1700 colors print. The items are well arranged well arranged, and individual pairing is presented as a small conversation around material, form, and texture. The presentation highlights the relationship between objects while exploring history. The unbound materials are securely mounted. Metal fasteners, screws, pins, and screws are not in direct contact with the exhibit to avoid spoilage. For items that require hanging but are in need of more protection, are matted. Matting is used to enhance and support display or folded items. The bound materials are displayed lying horizontally and closed. Whether a museum is focusing on technology, art, science or history presentation needs to be appealing to the visitors to create a great visual experience.

Illuminating is important in creating the visual experience. Different lighting colors, spread beams, different designs of luminaries and arrangements create diverse lighting situations to meet the needs of the exhibitions. National Museum of American uses hard-edged lighting to accentuate items on display. Spot lighting is used only when a particularly dramatic effect on the object is required. Luminous lighting is created to imitate daylight. Such lighting is suitable for gallery lighting which is diffuse with oval enclosure. The source of light is tabular fluorescent tubes structured into a luminous grid lighting. Naturally, arts would never speak for themselves which necessitates the need to have labels, wall texts, and brochures which play an important role in giving the viewers a personal relationship with a given piece of art. The information provided could include a bibliography of the artist, the process of creating the art and what inspired the artist to create that particular piece of work. This information makes it possible for the visitors to create their personal relationship with the piece. With such information at hand, the viewers can better relate to the exhibitions and emotions of the artist. Each exhibition warrants for different information system through which the visitor will be provided with information that they require for a piece of work. However, not all museums visitors will appreciate a wall text, a label or brochure because they see it as an interruption to work itself. Not having any information about an exhibition allows the viewers to have the first approach to artwork on their own. One can create a story by observing the art, which is different from the one the creator of the art intended to convey. Providing information related to the art will prevent the visitors from creating their stories. Artwork work would also look more beautiful and clean if installed without any information to distract it. There has been a tremendous change of attitude towards museums over the years. People have started to visit museums more often than it was in the past. This change of attitude has been fueled by the inclusion of the general public instead of just a section of it. This attitude has given new approach as to how museums operate especially on collecting, exhibiting, learning, advocacy, promoting and bring about social change. The government has also encourage museums as well as the artists to thrive by creating conducive environment for art. A city is built on its cultural and social beliefs. The museums create a better avenue for telling stories, the people’s beliefs and sensitive issues that affect the people of a nation. It is at museums cultural diversity intermarries and brings out the best. Artists are accorded the chance to tell their stories in an artistic way and to have their work displayed to a bigger audience and to have their work appreciated.
Museums create a platform where our heritage is preserved, and many years from now people will be able to learn how life was like and able to compare the changes that have taken place. Museums are not only sources of entertainment, but they are also learning institutions. Curiosity and interest may be achieved through visual education. Most historic events may not be available in schools, but museums provide it to enable students to remember. Scientists are also able to extract data with much ease to be able to make new discoveries and development in previous studies. Museums play a role in urban economic regeneration, though not in isolation because they have to match the efforts of other institutions. They create employment to many people who otherwise be unemployed. Museums are tourists’ destination because they preserve the heritage of a community. Though the tourists may not be able to visit various places shown artwork they are given an interesting and almost real feeling of such places. Western art differs from non-western art in many ways such as the materials used to make the art, religion, culture, purpose and other aspects. Western art seems to be more appreciated than the non-western art. However, non-western art is as important as western art hence the need to study it to broaden knowledge, increase creativity and change our way of looking at things. Great art is born out of a variety of knowledge, and non-western art creates a pool of such knowledge.
Displaying a piece of work in a museum will often require will often require identifying the identity of the artist, which can change how art is perceived. Art may be analyzed on where the person comes from, their beliefs, abilities, and traditions. For example Ben Enwonwu, a Nigerian artist was accused of being "an artist who cannot make up his mind whether to be an African or a European". Reviling the identity of the artist make the audience limit the artist to just one particular style while they have the ability to switch from one style to another. Artists should have freedom to explore different styles without being subjected to criticism of where they come from so long as they are good at what they do. Art is moving from representational and physical embodiment to idea and symbolism. It is moving past globalization and post-modernization which is allowing artists to create their pieces without being subject to criticism depending on what part of the world they come from or what their traditional beliefs dictate. There is more to an art than having it sit in a museum. It is the ability of the artist to tell a story through the art piece, to capture the emotions of the viewers and to have them identify with the object. Museums will remain to sources of entertainment, a unique learning experience for many years to come.